Mysteries of the Kingdom

            in awe of scripture, viewing it through the lens of the kingship of Jesus
Repost from Christus Victor Series

Sacrificial Lamb

Christus Victor in the Old Testament

In the second entry of this series on Christus Victor theology, we ask whether the sacrificial system of the temple or the suffering Servant in Isaiah 53 foreshadow God as pouring out His wrath on His Son.

September 21st, 2019

Maccabees in the New Testament

While Wisdom of Sirach had only a limited impact on the New Testament, the history of the Maccabees affected first century Judaism so strongly that our Protestant avoidance of 1st and 2nd Maccabees has enabled serious errors in some of our most central doctrines.

April 27th, 2019

Wisdom of Sirach in Matthew's Gospel

What struck me most while translating Matthew's Gospel was how often Jesus taught from Wisdom of Sirach in ...

June 17th 2018

Untangling Christus Victor

Thanks to a book by Gustaf Aulen, the term “Christus Victor”...

January 21st, 2018

Head Coverings?

Chiming in on the head coverings debate...

Thanksgiving Day, 2017

The Joyful Struggle

    I have a theory, which will sound ludicrous at first...

AUGUST 2nd, 2017

Three Old Testaments

    The apostles of Jesus formed a third version of the Jewish Scriptures by rewording many Old Testament passages...

May 3rd, 2017

Real Meaning of "Atonement"

     Clarifying that misunderstood word, "atonement"...

March 22nd, 2017

Justification Abuse

     We have twisted the meaning of the word "justification" to our own harm...

January 4th, 2017

Image by Loraci Warren, cc-by-sa-3.0

Books Removed from the New Testament?

     Some early apostolic Christians actually did consider seven other books to be part to the New Testament, but Gnostic writings like the “Gospel of Judas” and the “Gospel of Thomas” were not among the...

December 30th, 2016

The Conqueror of Christmas

     Remember when the angels called Jesus a dirty word?

AUDIO POST: October 16, 2016


The first Christian Empire was the Ethiopian Aksumite Empire, not the Roman Empire. Dean Arnold invited me to discuss the grand Ethiopian tradition of Christianity, which continues to this day.

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September 21st, 2016

Questioning Josephus' Canon

     The ancient historian Josephus offered the oldest known "canon" list of Jewish Scriptures, but Jewish Rabbi, historian, PhD, and Harvard professor, Shaye Cohen openly criticizes Josephus' list, stating, "Josephus is either poorly informed or deliberately misleading..."

August 2016

The Curious Case of Ethiopian Orthodoxy

     The Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church is the third largest Christian denomination in the world, but most Western Christians know very little about their ancient roots, their miraculous success against Islam, or their peculiar traditions . . .

February 29th, 2016

The Destructive Kingdom of God

     How great and grand is the gospel of the kingdom! We in the West have largely replaced it however, with the message of a pacified Parent and a vacation in the distant future . . .

January 6th, 2016

The Atonement of Irenaeus

    In the second century, the atonement of Jesus was understood in a very different way than Western Christianity now presents it. Irenaeus was discipled by one of the Apostle John's disciples, and he left us . . .

December 16th, 2015

My Journey Into Symphonic Christianity

    Enclosed is the story of how I discovered the fundamental errors of Protestantism and how I learned to embrace the wider, historic, global forms of Christian faith.

November 11th, 2015

Christians Under the Law

    How does the Mosaic Law apply to Christians. Is it a sin, for example, when Christians work on the Sabbath? . . .

September 2nd, 2015

Life of the Eon

    A woman sent her ten year old son into the grocery store . . .

July 8th, 2015

Image by Andreas Praefcke via Wikimedia Commons cc-by-3.0

The Bible in 7 Words

    If you had to summarize the Bible in just seven words, which seven would you use?

June 3rd, 2015

The First Spreading of Jewish People Across the World


May 20th, 2015

Pondering the Eucharist/Communion

    The Apostle Paul said that every meal a Christian eats with thanksgiving is communion, "Eucharist." The way Jesus spoke of communion, He transformed every meal into an opportunity to practice ongoing intimacy with Himself.

Updated Post - May 11th, 2015

photo by Stuart Yeates, cc-by-sa-2.5, via wikimedia commons

What is the Kingdom of God?

    Too few Christians can offer a definition of God's kingdom straight from scripture, despite the fact that Jesus called the kingdom of God, "the gospel."

April 15th, 2015

The Third Truth


Easter Morning, 2015

The New Species

    The Last Adam took human DNA, did God-knows-what to it, and ...

March 11th, 2015

How the Old and New Testaments Fit Together

    It can be intimidating to try to view the Bible as one book rather than a bunch of puzzle pieces....

February 1st, 2015

The Last Adam and the Cross

    It surprises most Westerners to learn that the first 1,200 years of Christians understood the cross in a very different way than modern Protestants and Roman Catholics understand it ...

Re-Post from the Archive

Image by Alan Light, cc-by-sa 2.5 (wikimedia commons)

The Problem of Evil

    Some ask, "If God is good, why does He let bad things happen?" But in many ways, God does not run this planet. He assigned the world to human authority in the first chapter of Genesis, then we swiftly handed it over to Satan two chapters later. A better question might be, "If Satan is evil, why does he let ...

January 10th, 2015

Losing My Salvation?

    A friend recently asked whether I believe Christians can lose their salvation. Rather, I believe we have a poor understanding today of what "getting saved" actually means ...

December 10th, 2014

The Isaiahine Comma

    Not to be confused with the Johanine Comma, a far more controversial phrase in the Old Testament is missing from ...

December 5th, 2014

Differences Between the Jewish Septuagint and the Masoretic Old Testment

    Eleven key differences between the Old Testament of the Apostles and the Old Testament of Protestants ...

November 21st, 2014

Early Christians Said Our Septuagint is a Miracle

    Early Christians preferred the Jewish Greek Bible over the Hebrew because ...

November 1st, 2014

God Crashing into Humanity

October 25th, 2014

A Jewish Look at the Trinity

    I never knew a Jewish philosopher presented Trinitarian style theology ...

October 1st, 2014

Augustine on Atonement

    The surprising way in which Augustine of Hippo explained the work of the cross...

September 15th, 2014

"Serbia-0306 - Doorway of the Dormition of the Virgin Mary Church" photo by Dennis Jarvis of Halifax

A Non-Protestant School of Christianity

    Outside of Protestantism lies four ancient forms of Christianity...

August 23rd, 2014

A 5th Century Poetic Theology of Baptism by Mar Narsai

    One of the heroes of the Church of the East, they call "the harp of the Spirit," Mar Narsai...

August 2nd, 2014

photo by Stuart Yeates, cc-by-sa-2.5, via wikimedia commons


    Even though Jesus said the gospel is the "kingdom of God," most of us have very vague ideas of what exactly the kingdom of God is.

July 16th, 2014


    It can be quite jarring the first time one realizes New Testament quotations of Old Testament verses don't match...

June 8th, 2014


    Early Christians passed down to us ample records of the exploits of the apostles deep into Africa and Asia. Many scholars today deride the ancient records as legends, but history tells us of the chosen eleven...

May 24th, 2014


    Tragically, many people believe the modern myths which claim the books of the Christian Bible were written by Europeans and decided by argumentative votes at the Council of Nicaea. The consistent witness however of early...

April 11th, 2014

Image by Bert Kaufmann from Roermond, Netherlands, cc-sa-by-2.0


Romans is actually a very easy read because...

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